Flight Procedures (continued...)
In addition to this
procedure, there are also distinct procedures for holding when
inbound, if the aerodrome is busy. You can "hold in the overhead",
which is a procedure conducted over the aerodrome and within
the Aerodrome Traffic Zone (ATZ) and there is "hold overhead"
where you circle above the aerodrome above, i.e. outside the
ATZ. Confusing? Not if you learn the procedures carefully.
the Club, on some of our "Mad Monday" evenings, controllers will
deliberately test the inbound pilots' mettle by asking them to
carry out any of these procedures. Fortunately, Our Air Traffic
Services Manager has written a comprehensive tutorial on this
subject, complete with numerous diagrams showing sometimes bewildering
flight patterns unless you study carefully. One word of warning
though - the Club emphasises that members should have FUN, so
if you mess up, the worst that will happen is that you feel a
bit of a fool. The solution to that is just to try again next
time! To find out more, download The
UK Air Traffic Services
Real World Airspace Rules for Club Pilots - UK
Flight Information Services
In 2009, the CAA amended the definitions of Air Traffic Services
in Classes F and G airspace. The rules were further modified
in 2011 to make them easier for leisure pilots to understand.
The link above takes you to official guide to the real world
airspace definitions. This is required knowledge for Club pilots,
as you will need it when communicating with ATC on VATSIM or
The UK was unique in the aviation world in having a rating
for instrument flight which was designed for VFR pilots who
might be faced with adverse weather and need additional skills.
Instrument Meteorological Conditions (IMC) rating provided
training which was a sub-set of a full Instrument Rating. However,
in 2015 the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) stopped
recognising it (because it doesn't exist elsewhere in cloudless
rainless Europe?) After an outcry from the UK General Aviation
industy a new rating the Instrument Rating Restricted (IRR)
rating was created in 2015 with almost identical qualification
This comprehensive tutorial is atill called "The
IMC Rating" because it was written during the real world
IMC training of one of our members before the EASA change. Pilots
flying with VATSIM are recommended to have at least this level
of knowledge and skill if flying on instruments. However, it
is not a Club requirement.
This is a complex technical document used by a real world pilot during instrument training. If it seems too complex to you, leave it until you have more experience. A simpler document covers VOR tracking, (see below) which can be useful for pilots flying visually across the default Flight Simulator scenery.
VFR navigation can be considerably helped by partial use of
radio navigation aids (navaids). This tutorial explains how
to track to or from a VOR and how to use two VORs to get a
position fix. For a full instrument flight tutorial, see the
SIMCOM X is a stand alone communications system, (primarily)
for use by pilots and controllers using any Flight Simulator.
It will link with any Simulator platform to enable the pilot's
radio frequency selection to syncronised with or be controlled
by the simulator's aircraft radio, or it can be entered into
SIMCOM X directly by the user. These
SIMCOMX Help Notes should enable pilots to get started
using this useful tool.